Phanerozoic Eon – Quaternary Period

A Short History of the World – from varying sources
1,806,000 B.C. – 12,000 B.C.

Updated when new information available. Current update: 03/25/2006.

Legend Color Guide
Geological Time In Descending Order:
 Eons = Cyan | Eras = Dark Green | Periods = Magenta | Epochs = Blue | Stages = Orange | Major Geological Events = Heavy Black Underlined | Cataclysmic Events = Bold Red Underlined |
Note: Some very early ages overlap or have conflicting dates, because different authorities have placed them or named them differently at different times.
Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI)
Orders of Magnitude. Multiplier = 10: (VEI 6) = (10 X VEI 5):
 Large (Mt. St. Helens) = 5 | Terrific = 6 | Colossal = 7 | Gigantic = 8 | Cataclysmic (Super Volcano) 9 and above |
Culture Time
 Culture Periods = Brown | Not Generally Recognized Events and History = Magenta | Anomalies = Dark Green | Recognized Events and History = Plain Black |

Major Events

Quaternary Informal Sub-Era
• 1,806,000 B.C. – 12,000 B.C.

• 1,806,000 B.C. – • 11,430 B.C – Pleistocene Epoch (The Great Ice Age)
• 1,806,000 B.C. – • 1,000,000 B.C. – Werrikooian Stage (Australian)
• 1,806,000 B.C. – • 781,000 B.C. – Early Pleistocene Stage (ICS)
• 1,806,000 B.C. – • 300,000 B.C. – Irvingtonian Stage (North American)

• 1,750,000 B.C. – Skull and tools like Homo Hablis

• 1,650,000 B.C. – • 100,000 B.C. – Acheulean Era

• 1,600,000 B.C. – Valles Caldera, Jemez Mountains, U.S. Super Volcano Erupts

• 1.500,000 B.C. – • 750,000 B.C. – Yuzanjian Stage (Japanese)

• 1,500,000 B.C. – Homo Ergaster: • 1,500,000 B.C – • 1,300,000 B.C.
   Use of fire mastered in Africa

• 1,300,000 B.C. – Yellowstone, Huckleberry Ridge, Wyoming, U.S. (Super Volcano) Erupts

• 1,200,000 B.C. – Homo Erectus: • 1,200,000 B.C – • 80,000 B.C. (Maybe to • 27,000 B.C.)

• 1,100,000 B.C. – Valles Caldera, Jemez Mountains, U.S. (Super Volcano) Erupts

• 1,100,000 B.C. – 480,000 B.C. – Okehuan Stage (New Zealand)
• 1,100,000 B.C. – • 11,430 B.C. – Castlecliffian Stage (New Zealand)

• 1,000,000 B.C. – Homo Erectus leaves Africa

• 1,000,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: (U.S. 1851) Cut iron nail found in auriferous quartz rock.

• 848,000 B.C. – Homo Erectus stone tools found in Indonesia – no remains.

• 800,000 B.C. – • 250,000 B.C – Multiple Homo Erectus settlements, Kowm, Syria. Ref: Mission Archeologique Syro Suisse D’el Kowm and Ref: Story Pulled: Eldorado for fist wedge researchers 10/07/2006

• 800,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: An anatomically modern human femur and a (Java Man) Homo Erectus skull found in a Middle Pleistocene layer

• 788,000 B.C. – • 688,000 B.C. – Use of fire mastered in present-day Israel
   Links earlier evidence of controlled fire from Africa with later discoveries in Eurasia made by either Homo Erectus or Homo Ergaster or primitive form of Homo Sapiens which group researchers consider improbable.

• 781,000 B.C. – • 260,000 B.C. – Sicilian Stage (European)
• 781,000 B.C. – • 126,000 B.C. – Middle Pleistocene Stage (ICS)

• 780,000 B.C. – Earth’s Magnetic Field Reverses

• 778,000 B.C. – Humans in Southern Europe. 12/15/2005

Karte-Syrien 700000BC
   Kown, Sryia 10/07/2006

• 700,000 B.C. – • 15,000 B.C. – Homo Heidelbergenis parent to Neanderthals and modern humans DNA based research – Neanderthals and modern humans… separated between 690,000 and 550,000 years ago. 27 differences from modern DNA – normal modern DNA only 5-8 differences, DNA research suggests interbreeding did not occur. However, several recent skeletal finds suggest it did occur – based on comparative skeletal analysis.

698000BC
• 698,000 B.C. – North West European Land Mass Reconstruction 12/15/2005

• 698,000 B.C. – Humans in England. Tools found with ancient water vole (mimoys savini). Warm climate like today’s Mediterranean. 12/15/2005

• 630,000 B.C. – Yellowstone, U.S. (Super Volcano) Erupts
   1000 cubic kilometres of ash

• 600,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: Peking man, now classified as Homo Erectus – faunal evidence suggests this is the maximum age.

• 500,000 B.C. – Middle Pleistocene Epoch

• 500,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: (U.S. 1961) Electrical device found in a geode

• 500,000 B.C. – • 400,000 B.C. – Homo Heildelbergenis
   Use of fire mastered in Europe

• 480,000 B.C. – • 11,430 B.C. – Putikian Stage (New Zealand)

I. Events Before the Deluge
• 450,000 B.C. – • 445,000 B.C. – On Nibiru, a distant member of our solar system, life faces slow extinction as the planet’s atmosphere erodes. Deposed by Anu, the ruler Alalu escapes in a spaceship and finds refuge on Earth. He discovers that Earth has gold that can be used to protect Nibiru’s atmosphere. Anunnaki arrive on Earth. Nefilim: an enigmatic group mentioned in the Old Testament. Translated, ‘Nefilim’ means: those who came down. (Z.S.)

• 445,000 B.C. – Led by Enki, a son of Anu, the Anunnaki land on Earth, establish Eridu – Earth Station I – for extracting gold from the waters of the Persian Gulf. (Z.S.)

• 430,000 B.C. – Earth’s climate mellows. More Anunnaki arrive on Earth, among them Enki’s half-sister Ninhursag, Chief Medical Officer. (Z.S.)

• 416,000 B.C. – Anunnaki begin gold mining on Earth (Africa) to repair atmosphere lost. As gold production falters, Anu arrives on Earth with Enlil, the heir apparent. It is decided to obtain the vital gold by mining it in southern Africa. Drawing lots, Enlil wins command of Earth Mission; Enki is relegated to Africa. On departing Earth, Anu is challenged by Alalu’s grandson. (Z.S.)

• 400,000 B.C. – Seven functional settlements in southern Mesopotamia include a Spaceport (Sippar), Mission Control Center (Nippur), a metallurgical center (Shuruppak). The ores arrive by ships from Africa; the refined metal is sent aloft to orbiters manned by Igigi, then transferred to spaceships arriving periodically from Nibiru. (Z.S.)

• 398,000 B.C. – Tan-Tan Object
   Unearthed in Morocco in 1999 is said to be a 400,000-year-old sculpted figurine. Ref: Oldest Sculpture Found In Morocco 06/17/2005

• 350,000 B.C. – Homo Heildelbergenis or Homo Erectus footprints

• 300,000 B.C. – • 11,430 B.C. – Rancholabrean Stage (North American)

• 300,000 B.C. – Gaining the support of the Igigi, Alalu’s grandson attempts to seize mastery over Earth. The Enlilites win the War of the Olden Gods. The Anunnaki toiling in the gold mines mutiny. Enki and Ninhursag create Primitive Workers through genetic manipulation of Ape woman; they take over the manual chores of the Anunnaki. Enlil raids the mines, brings the Primitive Workers to the Edin in Mesopotamia. Given the ability to procreate, Homo Sapiens begins to multiply. (Z.S.)

• 260,000 B.C. – • 11,430 B.C. – Tyrrhenian Stage (European)

• 250,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: Advanced stone tools at Hueyatlaco, Mexico.

• 200,000 B.C. – • 45,000 B.C. – Middle Paleolithic (Middle Stone Age)

• 200,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: In southern California, Louis S. B. Leakey found stone tools in strata.

• 200,000 B.C. – Life on Earth regresses during a new glacial period. (Z.S.)

• 200,000 B.C. – Homo Neanderthalensis: • 200,000 B.C. – • 25,500 B.C. appear.
   Neanderthals sang like sopranos. They had strong, yet high-pitched, voices that the stocky hominins used for both singing and speaking, says Stephen Mithen, a professor of archaeology at the University of Reading. Their anatomy suggests the early hominins had the physical ability to communicate with pitch and melody. He believes they probably used these abilities in a form of communication that was half spoken and half sung. Ref: Neanderthals sang like sopranos 11/18/2006

• 200,000 B.C. – • 140,000 B.C. – DNA based research conclusions support the theory of African genesis of Homo Sapiens Sapiens.

• 198,000 B.C. – Oldest anatomically modern human skulls – Omo 1 and 2 – found in Kibish, Ethiopia.

• 198,000 B.C. – Face of Borzone
   Oldest artwork found in the Borzonasca district of Italy. Rock has been sculpted into faces that look in opposite directions; one is bearded with an expressive face. The two heads are facing outwards and joined at the neck. One of the faces is bearded, and the other is beardless with two eyes, a mouth and a wide nose.

• 152,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: Earliest Sumerian Temple Archive public records (approx. date).

• 150,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: (U.S. 1871) Round copper alloy medallion with etched artwork and glyphs, hook and ring found in well drilling.

• 148,000 B.C. – Homo Sapiens Sapiens: • 148,000 B.C. – • Present
   “The whole of South Africa was occupied by a biologically modern people who had evolved about • 150,000 B.C”
   Africa and the Middle East: Homo Sapiens; Asia: Homo Erectus

• 140,000 B.C. – • 130,000 B.C. – Eemian Interglacial Age
   Last major interglacial – sea level was possibly somewhat higher than present.

• 138,000 B.C. – 1st possible date for 1st domestic dogs.

• 126,000 B.C. – • 9,000 B.C. – Late Pleistocene Epoch
• 126,000 B.C. – • 11,430 B.C. – Late Pleistocene Stage (ICS)

• 125,000 B.C. – 63,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: Advanced stone tools found in glacial deposits at Sheguiandah, on Manitoulin Island in northern Lake Huron.

• 120,000 B.C. – El Hierro, The Canary Islands Erupts
   Tsunami between 40 and 50 metres high
   Intra-Eemian cold event

• 100,000 B.C. – Discovery of a 100,000 year old previously unknown 12 foot tall camel, believed to have been killed by humans, Kowm, Syria. Ref: Remains of Giant Camel Discovered in Syria 10/07/2006

• 100,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: (U.S. 1851) Silver inlaid Vase with flower carvings dynamited out of solid rock.

• 100,000 B.C. – • 75,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: (Peru 1572) 6 inch nail found in a subsurface layer of gravel a large conglomerate boulder.

• 98,000 B.C. – Climate warms again.

• 98,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: Califonia hearth stones and crudely flaked eolithic stone implements dated by L.S.B. Leakey.
   Language gene believed to originate – Homo Sapiens Sapiens begins to use spoken language – “The FOXP2 gene cannot be dated precisely because it is universal. But other language genes yet to be found might be more helpful in deciding when language was acquired.”

• 98,000 B.C. – The Anunnaki (the biblical Nefilim), to Enlil’s growing annoyance marry the daughters of Man. (Z.S.)

• 93,000 B.C. – • 10,000 B.C. – Homo floresiensis – Three foot tall – smallest human species ever discovered, stone tool making and using, hunters, small brained, long armed, cave dwellers, implied communicative skills and use of language. Starts revolution in considering what constitutes intelligence vs. brain size. Discovered on Flores Island, Indonesia. Many local legends about similar people (Ebu Gogo) who, until 100 years ago, were omniverous, talked in murmers and could repeat words said to them.

• 90,000 B.C. – Modern humans – Homo Sapiens Sapiens in the Near East.

• 78,000 B.C. – • 28,000 B.C. – Major population expansion of early modern Homo Sapiens occurs.

• 75,000 B.C. – Blombos Cave, two long, smooth, handheld stones found with tally marks.

• 75,000 B.C. – • 50,000 B.C. – ANOMALY: (U.S. 1826) Iron Axe found in tree stump while digging well.

• 72,000 B.C. – • 69,000 B.C. – Mount Toba (Super Volcano) in Sumatra, Indonesia Erupts
   Largest volcanic eruption in 400 million years, producing 2.500-3.000 cu. kilometers of ash, and 1 trillion tons of aerosols (including 200,000,000 tons of sulfur dioxide – SO2). Cloud was more than 34 kilometers high. Ash covers India between 1 and 6 meters deep. (May have started following cooling period). 6 year period during which the largest amount of volcanic sulphur was deposited in the past 110,000 years, followed by 1000 years of the lowest ice core oxygen isotope ratios, temperatures were colder than during the Last Glacial Maximum at 18 – 21,000 years ago. Sea level was 160 feet below current.
   Global temperature drops average of 21 degrees. Volcanic Winter lasted about six years. It was followed by 1,000 years of the coldest Ice Age on record. Warming begins again 1,000 years later.
   It is believed that the 1% human genetic variation stems from this time. No other species shows such a small variation. Genetic evidence suggests only 10,00 adults survived world wide. May be event which caused rise in modern racial differences – Professor Stanley Ambrose of the University of Illinois. 02/26/2006

• 70,000 B.C. – Lower Pleniglacial Stage
   Coldest period. Most of northern Europe and Canada, and southern South America were covered by kilometers thick ice sheets.
   Africa – Homo Sapiens – Europe – Neanderthals

The "accursation of Earth" – a new Ice Age-begins. Regressive types of Man roam the Earth. Cro-Magnon man survives. (Z.S.)

• 60,000 B.C. – Mongo Man in Austrailia – • 30,000 B.C.

• 60,000 B.C. – • 22,000 B.C. – Repopulation at the end of the Middle Palaeolithic and transition to the Early Upper Palaeolithic.

• 58,000 B.C. – • 53,000 B.C. – Conditions around the world become warmer, though still generally colder than today.

• 53,000 B.C. – • 27,000 B.C. – Homo Erectus alive in Southeast Asia.

• 50,000 B.C. – FOXP2 Gene date – Human speach begins

• 47,000 B.C. – Enki and Ninhursag elevate humans of Anunnaki parentage to rule in Shuruppak. Enlil, enraged, plots Mankind’s demise. (Z.S.)

• 46,000 – • 41,000 B.C. – Populations of anatomically and behaviourally modern humans first appeared in the Middle East and slowly expanded into southeastern Europe. Ref: Neanderthals OIusted Quicker Than We Think 03/25/2006

• 45,000 B.C. – • 20,000 B.C. – Upper Paleolithic Age/Late Stone Age

• 41,000 B.C. – • 38,000 B.C. – Carbon-14 Spike.

• 38,000 B.C. – Riss-Urm/Eem/Sangamon Interglacial Age
   The oldest image of a star pattern, that of the famous constellation of Orion, has been recognised on an ivory tablet as between 32,500 and 38,000 years old. The tiny sliver of mammoth tusk contains a carving of a man-like figure with arms and legs outstretched in the same pose as the stars of Orion. Believed to have been left behind by the mysterious Aurignacian people who moved into Europe from the east supplanting the indigenous Neanderthals.

• 36,000 B.C. – 2nd possible date for 1st domestic dogs.

• 33,000 B.C. – • 28,000 B.C. – In Australia a major extinction occurred
   The timing of this extinction is much more poorly known; however, it appears to date to between • 38,000 B.C. and • 18,000 B.C. Europe, Asia, and Africa also experienced some extinction toward the end of the Pleistocene. However, on all of these continents the extinction was less severe (fewer species involved).

• 33,000 B.C. – • 28,000 B.C. – Upper Paleolithic Age/Late Stone Age/Aurignacian Tool Age begins
   Modern humans – Homo sapiens, sapiens in Europe.

• 32,000 B.C. – • 30,000 B.C. – Carbon-14 Spike.

• 29,000 B.C. – Earliest Homo Sapiens found – in a cave in Moravia in the 19th century – in Czech Republic

• 28,000 B.C. – The Earth’s climate system entered another big freeze-up.

• 27,000 B.C. – Homo Erectus disappears.

• 25,500 B.C. – Neantherthals disappear.

• 19,000 B.C. – • 15,000 B.C. – Late Glacial Cold Stage/Upper Pleniglacial Age
   Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Global ice extent was at its greatest.

LGM-18000BC
• 18,000 B.C. – Earth Land Mass Reconstruction

• 16,000 B.C. – The Ice Age Ends

• 16,000 B.C. – • 12,000 B.C. – Melt begins slow, in span of several decades a dramatic shift in global weather brought a rapid end to the cold, glacial Pleistocene Epoch.
   "Something punctuated tens of thousands of years of equilibrium in the hydrosphere; glaciers began melting and ocean rose from over 300 feet below present levels, inundating vast coastal regions and exposing expansive new tracts of land. During the Ice Age the most hospitable habitations were concentrated in the tropics or around the margins of the warm oceans. Some human population groups may have been extincted. The end of the Ice Age set off immense natural cataclysmic events."

• 15,000 B.C. – • 8,300 B.C. – Mesolithic Age (Middle Stone Age)

• 14,600 B.C. – Jamon pottery in Japan
   Pottery culture lasted until • 3 B.C., farmed rice, built settlements, elaborate rock carvings, lived harmoniously with nature, may have built numerous megalithic stone structures from south coast almost to Taiwan (now underwater), extensive navigation – twice to the Americas and made settlements there. Escaped total destruction during glacial meltdown beacuse Japan too far from glaciers.
   The Jomon used the used Black Current to move north to North America [• 2,000 B.C.] and south to South America [• 9,000 B.C.]. Set up colonies in each area. Had accurate maps. These (or ones like them) came down to early European explorers [like Marco Polo] and navigators in the late 13th-16th Centuries The maps were used to naviagate Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans [portilios]. These maps reflected world landmass configurations from LGM, prior to meltdown. Apparently the Jomon melded into classical Japanese culture.

• 13,300 B.C. – • 10,700 B.C. – Lake Missoula Gives Way
   The Columbia Basin was the scene of the greatest catastrophic floods ever documented in the geologic record. The Pleistocene Cordilleran ice sheet advanced south into Idaho, damming the Clark Fork River at the Montana border. A huge impoundment, called Lake Missoula, formed.
   Glacial Lake Missoula stretched eastward for some 200 miles and contained more water than Lake Erie and Lake Ontario combined, and was 2,000 feet deep at the dam. The ice dam repeatedly gave way between 12,700 and 15,300 years ago, releasing waters that caused unprecedented flooding. Water raced down the Spokane Valley and spread out over the Columbia Basin. The maximum flow rate is estimated at 62.5 cubic kilometers per hour
   When the highest of these ice dams failed, lake water burst through, shooting out at a rate 10 times the combined flow of all the rivers of the world. This towering mass of water and ice literally shook the ground as it thundered toward the Pacific Ocean, stripping away hundreds of feet of soil and cutting deep canyons – ‘coulees’ – into the underlying bedrock. With flood speeds approaching 65 miles per hour, the lake would have drained in as little as 48 hours. Over time the Cordilleran ice sheet continued moving south and blocked the Clark Fork River again and again, recreating Glacial Lake Missoula. Over approximately 2,500 years, the lake, ice dam and flooding sequence was repeated dozens of times, leaving a lasting mark on the landscape, greatly modifing it. Anastomosing channels were cut through the loess blanket and into basalt, leaving a jumbled topography of coulees, buttes, mesas, dry water falls, hanging valleys, and giant ripples. These geomorphic features are known collectively as the Channeled Scablands. The events are called the Great Spokane Floods. 09/13/2005

• 13,000 B.C. – 3rd possible date for 1st domestic dogs.
   The origin of dogs, as judged by their mitochondrial DNA sequences, was first addressed five years ago by Dr. Robert K. Wayne and colleagues at the University of California at Los Angeles.
   Archaeologists found Wayne’s • 135,000 B.C. date implausible, because the earliest known dog bones date to only • 12,000 B.C. Dr. Peter Savolainen, a former colleague of Dr. Wayne now at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, has now proposed a date that is more palatable to archaeologists. On the basis of DNA from several wolf populations and from the hairs collected off 654 dogs around the world, Dr. Savolainen calculates a date for domestication either • 38,000 B.C., if all dogs come from a single wolf, or around • 13,000 B.C., the date he prefers, if three animals drawn from the same population were the wolf Eves of the dog lineage.
• 13,000 B.C. – • 12,000 B.C. Dog Burial begins 03/25/2006

Oldest lunar calendar ever created has been identified on the walls of the famous, prehistoric caves at Lascaux in France. Show the Moon going through its different phases. Were painted on to the walls of the chamber by Cro-Magnon man. They painted the sky, but not all of it. Just the parts that were specially important to them. Pattern of the Pleiades star cluster can also be seen hanging above the shoulder of a bull near the entrance to the main passageway. Inside the bull painting, there are also indications of spots that may be a representation of other stars found in that region of sky.

• 12,000 B.C. – • 9,000 B.C. – Glacier Melt Dramatic
   A rapid global warming and moistening of climates, perhaps occurring within the space of only a few years or decades.

• 12,000 B.C. – Great South America and North America Large Animal Extinction
   100 pounds and up.
   Dog burial becomes commom practice. Ref: Dog Graves Show Ancient Humans Cared03/25/2006

Compiled by PIF

  1. The Precambrian Eon: 4,567,170,000 B.C. – 2,350,000,000 B.C.
  2. The Proterozoic Eon: 2,500,000,000 B.C. – 542,000,000 B.C.
  3. The Phanerozoic Eon – Palaeozoic Era: 542,000,000 B.C. – 142,000,000 B.C.
  4. The Phanerozoic Eon – Cretaceous Era: 142,000,000 B.C. – 71,300,000 B.C.
  5. The Phanerozoic Eon – Cenozoic Era: 66,000,000 B.C. – 2,000,000 B.C.
  6. The Phanerozoic Eon – Quaternary Period: 1,806,000 B.C. – 12,000 B.C.
  7. The Phanerozoic Eon – Holocene Epoch: 11,430 B.C. – 4128 B.C.
  8. The Phanerozoic Eon – Historical Present: 4000 B.C. – 2009 A.D.
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