The Unknown Story
by Jung Chang, Jon Halliday – Illus., maps
PIF: An icon for many on today’s American left… and as this book is banned in China… it is also ‘debunked’ in the U.S. by leftists.
1. Mao ("The Great Helmsman") became a Communist at the age of 27 for purely pragmatic reasons: a job and income from the Russians.
2. Far from organizing the Long March in 1934, Mao was nearly left behind by his colleagues who could not stand him and had tried to oust him several times. The aim of the March was to link up with Russia to get arms. The Reds survived the March because Chiang Kai-shek let them, in a secret horse-trade for his son and heir, whom Stalin was holding hostage in Russia.
3. Mao grew opium on a large scale.
4. After he conquered China, Mao’s over-riding goal was to become a superpower and dominate the world: "Control the Earth," as he put it. PIF: This goal has not changed.
5. Mao (Murder by Socialism ) caused the greatest famine in history by exporting food to Russia to buy nuclear and arms industries: 38 million people were starved and slave-driven to death in 1958-61. Mao knew exactly what was happening, saying: "half of China may well have to die." And "If people don’t die, the earth won’t be able to hold them!" And "Let’s contemplate this, how many people would die if war breaks out. There are 2.7 billion people in the world. One third could be lost; or, a little more, it could be half… I say that, taking the extreme situation, half dies, half lives, but imperialism would be razed to the ground and the whole world would become socialist." And In 1951 he stated that "many places… don’t dare to kill counter-revolutionaries on a grand scale with big publicity. This situation must be changed." When the execution rates were increased, he said this "improvement" made him feel "very delighted." And "We need the policy of ‘keep the people stupid.’" (see the modern American educational system for details)… cruelty beyond imagination…
In the epilogue to her biography of Mao Tse-tung, Jung Chang (author of Wild Swans) says, "Today, Mao’s portrait and his corpse still dominate Tiananmen Square in the heart of the Chinese capital." Her biggest fear is that Mao will escape the global condemnation and infamy he deserves.
Chang is writing to honor the tens of millions of Chinese who fell victim to Mao’s drive for absolute power in his 50-plus-year struggle to dominate China and the 20th-century political landscape… paints Mao as a brutal totalitarian, a thug, who unleashed Stalin-like purges of millions with relish and without compunction, all for his personal gain… his would-be heroism as the leader of the Long March and father of modern China is exposed as reckless opportunism, subjecting his charges to months of unnecessary hardship in order to maintain the upper hand over his rival, Chang Kuo-tao, an experienced military commander.
Mao’s unscrupulous but invincible political maneuverings and betrayals provide the backdrop for Sino-Soviet relations, the strengths and weakness of Chiang Kai-shek, the Japanese invasion of China, World War II, the Korean War, the disastrous Great Leap Forward, the vicious Cultural Revolution, the Vietnam War, Nixon’s visit, and the constant, unending purges. No one escaped unharmed. Rivals, families, peasants, city dwellers, soldiers, and lifelong allies such as Chou En-lai were all sacrificed to Mao’s ambition and paranoia.
Far from Mao’s humble peasant background shaping his sympathies for the downtrodden, he actually ruthlessly exploited the peasants’ resources when he was based in regions such as Yenan, and cared about peasants only when it suited his political agenda. And far from having founded the Chinese Communist Party, Mao was merely at the right place at the right time. Mao was able to hold on to power thanks to his adroitness in appealing to and manipulating powerful allies and foes, such as Stalin and later Nixon; furthermore, almost every aspect of his career was motivated by a preternatural thirst for personal power, rather than political vision.
Mao rejected morality at a young age and discovered in himself a love of violence – especially violence that smashed the social order. After witnessing atrocities on a tour of the Hunan countryside in the 1920’s, he said he felt "a kind of ecstasy never experienced before.” He was particularly fond of public executions, and would organize rallies making murder a spectacle to terrorize the masses into submission. In Peking alone millions of inhabitants witnessed some 30,000 execution rallies during the early 1950’s. Victims were paraded and then shot in the head so that their brains splattered out onto the bystanders. During the Cultural Revolution (another 3 million lives) he would enjoy watching films of his foes being humiliated, tortured and killed. Mass executions were common in soccer stadiums during Mao’s era. Mao’s apparatchiki even ‘invited’ grade school children to watch it, and called it an education of political science…
Those who weren’t murdered outright were sent to a vast archipelago of slave camps, the lao-gai (reform through labor – which are still widely used in today’s China), in which an estimated 27 million perished from execution, overwork, starvation and suicide (like throwing oneself into a wheat chopper) during Mao’s rule.
All this misery and death while Emperor Mao himself lounged around in his 50 private estates engaging in orgies and other debauchery. Mao was the only millionaire created in Red China.